Rostow's Modernization Theory of Development The paper will attempt to outline the five stages identified by Walt Rostow needed for a country to reach a. ROSTOW MODERNIZATION MODELPresented to,Prof. Ravi B. SrivastavaPresented by,Aastha PallavAditya JainAlpeshBalarBhaumik Joshi. Rostow's modernization theory has the following five stages of development. Traditional society: the very primitive conditions, very little.


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Rostow's theory of modernization development | Peter Kasanda -

This model is appreciable and acceptable for those few western countries. In other words development is ceased in developed countries and the new inventions and innovations are no more needed by these developed countries. Singapore is one of the best examples of a country modernization theory rostow grew in this way and is now a notable player in the global economy.

However, it industrialized early, developing profitable manufacturing and high-tech industries. Criticisms of Rostow's Model As the Singapore case shows, Rostow's model still sheds light on a successful path to economic development for some countries. However, there are many criticisms of his model.

While Rostow illustrates faith in a capitalist system, scholars have criticized his bias towards a western modernization theory rostow as the only path towards development.

Rostow lays out five succinct steps towards development and critics have cited that all countries do not develop in such a linear fashion; some skip steps or take different paths. Rostow's theory can be classified as "top-down," or one that emphasizes a trickle-down modernization effect from urban industry and western influence to develop a country as a whole.

Later theorists have challenged this approach, emphasizing a "bottom-up" development paradigm, in which countries become modernization theory rostow sufficient through local efforts, and urban industry is not necessary.

Rostow also assumes that all countries have a desire to develop in the same way, with the end goal of high mass consumption, disregarding the diversity of priorities that each society holds and different measures of development.

Rostow's stages of growth - Wikipedia

For example, while Singapore is one of the most modernization theory rostow prosperous countries, it also has one of the highest income disparities in the world. Finally, Rostow disregards one of the most fundamental geographical principals: Rostow assumes that all countries have an equal chance to develop, without regard to population size, natural resources, or location.

Rostow said that these modernization theory rostow in society and the economy had to be of fundamental nature in the socio-political structure and production techniques.

Modernization theory rostow is also a second or third pattern in which he said that there was no need for change in socio-political structure because these economies were not deeply caught up in older, traditional social and political structures. The only changes required were in economic and technical dimensions.


There are three modernization theory rostow dimensions to this transition: Secondly, trade and other commercial activities of the nation broaden the market's reach not only to neighboring areas but also to far-flung regions, creating international markets. Lastly, the surplus attained should not be wasted on the conspicuous consumption of the land owners or modernization theory rostow state, but should be spent on the development of industries, infrastructure and thereby prepare for self-sustained growth of the economy later on.

International Development Patterns, Strategies, Theories & Explanations

Furthermore, agriculture becomes commercialized and mechanized via technological advancement; shifts increasingly towards cash or export-oriented crops; and there is a growth of agricultural entrepreneurship.

This rise in investment rate depends on many sectors of the economy. According modernization theory rostow Rostow capital formation depends on the productivity of agriculture and the creation modernization theory rostow social overhead capital.

Agriculture plays a very important role in this transition process as the surplus quantity of the produce is to be utilized to support an increasing urban population of workers and also becomes a major exporting sector, earning foreign exchange for continued development and capital formation.

Increases in agricultural productivity also lead to expansion of the domestic markets for manufactured goods and processed commodities, which adds to the growth of investment in the industrial sector. Social overhead capital creation can only be undertaken by government, in Rostow's view.

Rostow’s Modernization Theory and Gerschenkron’s Industrialization in Backward Countries – Farida

Government plays the driving role in development of social overhead capital as it is rarely profitable, it has a long gestation period, and the pay-offs accrue to all economic sectors, not primarily to the investing entity; thus the private sector is not interested in playing a major role in its development.

All these changes effectively prepare the way for "take-off" only if modernization theory rostow is basic modernization theory rostow in attitude of society towards risk taking, changes in working environment, and openness to change in social and political organisations and structures.

According to Rostow, the preconditions to take-off begins from an external intervention by more developed and advanced societies, which "set in motion ideas and sentiments which initiated the process by which a modern alternative to the traditional society was constructed out of the old culture.


This initial and accelerating steep increase in savings and investment is a pre-condition for the economy to reach the modernization theory rostow stage and far beyond. Take-off[ edit ] This stage is characterized by dynamic economic growth.

The main feature of this stage is rapid, self-sustained growth. At this point, the norms of economic growth are well established and growth becomes a nation's "second nature" and modernization theory rostow shared goal. After take-off, a country will generally take as long as fifty to one hundred years to reach the mature stage according to the model, as occurred in countries that participated in the Industrial Revolution and were established as such when Rostow developed his ideas in modernization theory rostow s.


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